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会为收取非法债务承担刑事责任?

发布日期:2021-07-27 09:27:02 作者:太原讨债

    咨询问题:会为收取非法债务承担刑事责任?非法催收和催收非法一样吗?会进监狱吗?

    Advisoryquestion:willcriminalliabilitybetakenforthecollectionofillegaldebt?Isillegalcollectionthesameasillegalcollection?Willyougotojail?

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    律师解答:律师解答:

    Lawyer'sanswer:


    (一)催收非法债务,是指以非法举债为重点,收高利贷、赌博等违法犯罪行为造成的非法债务;

    (1) The collection of illegal debts refers to the illegal debts caused by illegal borrowing, usury, gambling and other criminal activities;

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    我国刑法规定,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处或者单处罚金。

    China's criminal law stipulates that if the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, criminal detention or public surveillance and shall also, or shall only, be fined.


    (二)非法讨债是指以暴力、威胁或威胁的方式危害债务人的正常生活,使其产生恐惧心理,集中表现为非法讨债行为。

    (2) Illegal Debt Collection refers to endangering the debtor's normal life by means of violence, threat or threat, resulting in fear, which is mainly manifested in illegal debt collection.

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    我国刑法没有规定非法讨债的特殊犯罪。是否构成犯罪,取决于其具体行为的性质。债务人因非法追债受到暴力侵害的,应当依法承担行政责任。构成轻伤以上的,以故意伤害罪论处。

    China's criminal law does not provide for the special crime of illegal debt collection. Whether it constitutes a crime depends on the nature of its specific act. If the debtor is subjected to violence due to illegal debt collection, he shall bear administrative responsibility according to law. If it constitutes a minor injury or more, it shall be punished as the crime of intentional injury.


    法律依据:

    Legal basis:

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    《刑法》第二百九十三条之一 【催收非法债务罪】有下列情形之一,催收高利放贷等产生的非法债务,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处或者单处罚金:

    Article 293-1 of the criminal law [crime of collecting illegal debts] Whoever, under any of the following circumstances, collects illegal debts arising from usury and loan lending, if the circumstances are serious, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, criminal detention or public surveillance and shall also, or shall only, be fined:


    (一)使用暴力、胁迫方法的;

    (1) Using violence or coercion;


    (二)限制他人人身自由或者侵入他人住宅的;

    (2) Restricting another person's personal freedom or intruding into another person's house;


    (三)恐吓、跟踪、骚扰他人的。

    (3) Intimidating, following or harassing others.


    为什么会成立催收非法债务罪?

    Why is the crime of collecting illegal debts established?

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    催收非法债务会实现或扩大违法犯罪行为所产生的非法利润,进一步对高利贷、赌博等违法犯罪行为的实施者形成经济刺激和鼓励。为进一步惩治金融乱象,切断非法金融活动等违法行为的获利渠道,切实维护人民群众的人身、财产权益,明确收取非法债务的法律性质和社会危害性,加大犯罪难度。

    Collecting illegal debts will realize or expand the illegal profits generated by illegal and criminal acts, and further stimulate and encourage the perpetrators of illegal and criminal acts such as usury and gambling. In order to further punish the financial chaos, cut off the profit channels of illegal financial activities and other illegal acts, earnestly safeguard the people's personal and property rights, clarify the legal nature and social harmfulness of collecting illegal debts, and increase the difficulty of crime.